An introduction paragraph is the first paragraph of essays, reports, or articles. It is usually five to ten sentences, and it introduces the topic of the essay. It also gives background information about the topic of the essay. It gives a clear idea of the author's opinion about what the topic is. It establishes the tone of the essay.
A good introduction paragraph will entice the reader and get them engaged in what is being written about. In the introduction paragraph, a writer often starts with a general discussion of a subject and narrows down to a specific statement of the main point or thesis. Sometimes, an essay begins with a ''grabber'' such as a challenging claim or a story to catch a reader's attention. There are three critical elements to the introduction paragraph:
An opening statement attracts the reader's attention. It is often called ''the hook.''
Supporting sentences. It links the hook to the thesis.
Thesis statement. This statement states the purpose and plan of the whole essay.
In the example of an introduction paragraph below, the opening, supporting, and thesis statements are highlighted.
Opening statement: Hugh Lofting's character, Dr. Doolite, could talk to animals, and they could talk back. Many people fantasize about having such a skill. Imagine being able to speak with your household pets and getting a response back. Could it ever be possible? Language acquisition studies among primates such as gorillas, chimpanzees, and bonobo chimpanzees suggest that the answer is yes and no.
Thesis statement: Hugh Lofting's character, Dr. Doolite, could talk to animals, and they could talk back. Many people fantasize about having such a skill. Imagine being able to speak with your household pets and getting a response back. Could it ever be possible? Language acquisition studies among primates such as gorillas, chimpanzees, and bonobo chimpanzees suggest that the answer is yes, and no.
Thesis statement: Hugh Lofting's character, Dr. Doolite, could talk to animals, and they could talk back. Many people fantasize about having such a skill. Imagine being able to speak with your household pets and getting a response back. Could it ever be possible? Language acquisition studies among primates such as gorillas, chimpanzees, and bonobo chimpanzees suggest that the answer is yes and no.
Formal and informal introductory paragraphs
The idea of an introductory paragraph is that they have to be attractive to a reader. That is, they should grasp the reader's attention by wanting to continue reading the essay—attention-getting introductions of formal papers differ from those of informal settings.
For instance, in an informal setting, a writer can go all out on their creative side, but in formal writing, the focus is on delivering facts. The way narrative essays are written differs from what history, science, or research will be written. As much as the introduction should focus on getting the reader's attention, it should also ensure the essential requirement of any introduction is met.
A writer can arouse their readers' interests and entice them to continue reading through the introduction paragraph in several ways. Some of the typical introductions are:
One of the common introductory paragraphs starts with a series of provocative and inspiring questions about a particular topic. It ends with a specific statement that demonstrates the writer's perspective or answers to the questions, followed by the thesis statement.
Other writers disagree on using rhetorical questions as an introduction because it can be confusing for a reader. However, when used to write, it serves its purpose. When using rhetorical questions, you do not have only to use questions for the whole paragraphs. You can use it as the first three sentences before you give the following ideas and thesis statement.
Example: If no one is making sure a procedure is followed, how trustworthy is the system? How is the company making losses, and yet no one has noticed the system's fault? Is it an issue with employees or an issue with the internal systems? There are so many questions we ought to ask ourselves in regard to how Company X failed within such a long time. With that, this paper will analyze and evaluate Company X business systems, and by the end of the paper, a conclusive answer on what transpired will have been covered.
Interesting Facts or Statistics
Another type of introduction paragraph is the one that begins with introducing interesting facts or statistics. This requires vast knowledge regarding the subject matter. As such, readers should expand their familiarity with the topic by referring back to newspapers and news articles. Examples:
The population of the small country, Bangladesh, is bigger than the population of Russia. There are 20 million more people in Bangladesh, even though the country's area is 116,000 times smaller than that of Russia.
There are far fewer stars than trees. According to statistics, there are more trees on Earth than there are stars in the Milky Way.
Germany's population has the lowest percentage of children. Children aged 0 to 14 years comprise 12% of the population, while in Kenya, the same age group makes up 40% of the population.
This is a good way of writing a research project. If asked to conduct research on Cancer in the United States. The best way to start is by giving statistics of people who have been diagnosed with cancer, those that have survived it, and those that passed away. Additionally, you can discuss the financial implications of the disease. The angle taken largely depends on the topic addressed.
The introduction begins with a short and interesting story or a fun event often proposed to support or demonstrate some point and make the readers laugh. Anecdotes can include an extensive range of tales and stories. In fact, it is a short description or an account of any event that makes the reader laugh or brood over the topic presented for the purpose.
In this type of introductory paragraph, the writer starts the paragraph with historical background information. Example: The Cold War was a geopolitical tension between the United States and its allies and the Soviet Union.
General to specific
This is one of the most common types of introduction paragraphs. It starts with a general statement of the more prominent topic. Then it narrows down to a specific idea. Example: Social media has become a massive part of peoples' daily lives. Many people spend over 3 hours a day using social media. The issue is whether or not social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, etcetera are causing people to become more obsessed with their physical appearance than in previous years.
In essence, an introduction paragraph prepares the reader for what the rest of the essay or an article will be about. It should both inform and capture their interest. The hook, an interesting fact, controversial statement, or question, is intended to draw the readers' attention to the essay and pique their interest. The general topic sentence simply states what topic will be covered throughout the essay. It does not provide any clues or directly communicates the details but serves merely as a transition to the writer's thesis.
The thesis statement is one sentence usually found in the introduction paragraph that directly states the writer's claim or belief about a particular topic. The topic sentence tells you the general subject of the conversation. The thesis statement informs the reader what specific direction the conversation will take regarding that given topic. It may also hint at which details will be covered or directly name them as well. An impressive introduction paragraph is interesting, to the point, and outlines the essay's body or the article.
Steps to Writing a Good Introduction Paragraph
Think through what will be written as the first sentence.
The first sentence should be short, precise and catchy to arouse a reader's curiosity. A catchy sentence is short, leads the reader into the paper's topic while giving a sense of direction of what the topic is about.
Examples of interesting hooks:
Weak hook: Technology is a branch of knowledge linked with innovation and engineering.
Strong hook: Technology has impacted several spheres of our lives, the medical field not left behind.
Definition of terms does not make great hooks. Try avoiding them as much as possible. Instead, provide relevant information that builds on your topic of concern.
Give background information
After the first sentence, the second step is giving background information on the topic of concern. In this part, you can define key terms, provide a historical account or summarize ideas that you will highlight in the body of your essay—background information but still relevant. As the introduction will have few sentences, there is no need to give detailed information and instead give a general account of the topic. Remember this is the introductory paragraph meaning more information will be dispensed later.
The other parts of this article have discussed what a thesis statement is, and as stated before, it should be about one to two sentences, and it summarizes the whole paper. The thesis is the most vital part of the introduction part and should contain facts of statements that can be referenced or explained.
Why do I need a thesis statement? You need a thesis statement as it sums up the fundamental ideas of your essay. That is, it gives the paper a sense of direction as every other part of the paper will relate to this part of the introduction paragraph.
After step four, reread your introduction and, when satisfied with its quality, proceed and write the next chapters.
Points to note when writing an introduction paragraph
The introduction takes less than 5% of the whole essay, but it may vary depending on the instructor's grading criteria. Despite its smaller percentage, one should emphasize this section because it aligns with the rest of the paper. The introduction paragraph is the head of the essay, and if poorly written, the rest of the article may not have the flow needed.
While considering the background information of the topic, consider explaining the problem you aim to address, especially for academic papers and projects. A reader should tell what your area of focus is by reading a few sentences of the introduction paragraph.
There is a specific way of writing an introduction paragraph like the one highlighted in this paper. However, you do not have to write your introduction paper the same way. Look at the paper's instructions and follow what is provided, that is if there are any. Writing this paragraph is like cooking; we all have our different ways of making a meal, and at the end of the day, we all come out with a delicious platter.
Review your introduction part as many times as possible to fine-tune it to what you think is the best of your ability. Being an essential part of the essay, give it the attention it deserves.
Lastly, feel free to keep researching better ways of writing your introduction paragraph.
Introduction Paragraph Pattern
The formula to writing an effective introduction is to follow the general to a specific format.
Define the topic, and proceed to narrow it down to the thesis statement. Lastly, state your intention regarding the subject.
Can I be assisted in writing the introduction paragraph?
Many people ask if they can get professional writers to guide them on writing their essays. The answer is yes. Very many professionals are readily available to help you write your introductory paragraph.
All you need to do is contact them with your requirements, and they will provide the necessary steps.
These writers will not only help you write the introduction part can also write your whole essay. The good thing is you can see testimonials from other students/clients. You are therefore assured that the work submitted will meet your requirement.